Easy methods to Learn a Candlestick Chart

Studying candlestick charts – Speaking factors:

  • Candlestick charts differ drastically from the standard bar chart
  • Merchants usually desire utilizing candlestick charts for day-trading as a result of they provide an pleasing visible notion of worth
  • It’s essential to grasp the important thing elements of a candle, and what they point out, to use candlestick chart evaluation to a buying and selling technique

What’s a candlestick chart?

A candlestick chart is solely a chart composed of particular person candles, which merchants use to grasp worth motion. Candlestick worth motion entails pinpointing the place the value opened for a interval, the place the value closed for a interval, in addition to the value highs and lows for a selected interval.

Price action can provide merchants of all monetary markets clues to development and reversals. For instance, teams of candlesticks can type patterns which happen all through foreign exchange charts that might point out reversals or continuation of developments. Candlesticks may type particular person formations which may point out purchase or promote entries out there.

The interval that every candle depicts relies on the timeframe chosen by the dealer. A well-liked timeframe is the day by day timeframe, so the candle will depict the open, shut, and excessive and low for the day. The totally different elements of a candle will help you forecast the place the value may go, as an illustration if a candle closes far beneath its open it could point out additional worth declines.

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Decoding a candle on a candlestick chart

The picture beneath represents the design of a typical candlestick. There are three particular factors (open, shut, wicks) used within the creation of a worth candle. The primary factors to contemplate are the candles’ open and shut costs. These factors establish the place the worth of an asset begins and concludes for a particular interval and can assemble the physique of a candle. Every candle depicts the value motion for a sure interval that you simply select once you take a look at the chart. In case you are a day by day chart every particular person candle will show the open, shut, higher and decrease wick of that day.

A red and a blue candlestick with open and close wicks

Open worth:

The open worth depicts the primary worth traded through the formation of the brand new candle. If the value begins to development upwards the candle will flip inexperienced/blue (colours fluctuate relying on chart settings). If the value declines the candle will flip crimson.

Excessive Value:

The highest of the higher wick/shadow signifies the best worth traded through the interval. If there isn’t any higher wick/shadow it implies that the open worth or the shut worth was the best worth traded.

Low Value:

The bottom worth traded is the both the value on the backside of the decrease wick/shadow and if there isn’t any decrease wick/shadow then the bottom worth traded is similar because the shut worth or open worth in a bullish candle.

Shut Value:

The shut worth is the final worth traded through the interval of the candle formation. If the shut worth is beneath the open worth the candle will flip crimson as a default in most charting packages. If the shut worth is above the open worth the candle can be inexperienced/blue (additionally relies on the chart settings).

The Wick:

The following essential factor of a candlestick is the wick, which is additionally known as a shadow. These factors are very important as they present the extremes in worth for a selected charting interval. The wicks are shortly identifiable as they’re visually thinner than the physique of the candlestick. That is the place the energy of candlesticks turns into obvious. Candlesticks will help merchants maintain our eye on market momentum and away from the static of worth extremes.


The course of the value is indicated by the colour of the candlestick. If the value of the candle is closing above the opening worth of the candle, then the value is transferring upwards and the candle can be inexperienced (the colour of the candle relies on the chart settings). If the candle is crimson, then the value closed beneath the open.


The distinction between the best and lowest worth of a candle is its vary. You may calculate this by taking the value on the high of the higher wick and subtracting it from the value on the backside of the decrease wick. (Vary = highest level – lowest level).

Having this data of a candle, and what the factors point out, means merchants utilizing a candlestick chart have a transparent benefit in the case of distinguishing trendlines, price patterns and Elliot waves.

Bar Chart vs Candlestick Chart

As you may see from the picture beneath, candlestick charts provide a definite benefit over bar charts. Bar charts are usually not as visible as candle charts and nor are the candle formations or worth patterns. Additionally, the bars on the bar chart make it tough to visualise which course the value moved.

Difference between bar chart and candle chart

Easy methods to learn a candlestick chart

There are numerous methods to make use of and browse a candlestick chart. Candlestick chart evaluation relies on your most popular buying and selling technique and timeframe. Some methods try and reap the benefits of candle formations whereas others try to acknowledge worth patterns.

Decoding single candle formations

Particular person candlesticks can provide loads of perception into present market sentiment. Candlesticks just like the Hammer, shooting star, andhanging man, provide clues as to altering momentum and probably the place the market costs mightdevelopment.

As you may see from the picture beneath the Hammer candlestick formation generally signifies a reversal in development. The hammer candle formation has a protracted decrease wick with a small physique. Its closing pricing is above its opening worth. The instinct behind the hammer formation is easy, worth tried to say no however consumers entered the market pushing the value up. It’s a bullish sign to enter the market, tighten stop-losses or shut out a brief place.

Merchants can reap the benefits of hammer formations by executing a protracted commerce as soon as the hammer candle has closed. Hammer candles are advantageous as a result of merchants can implement ‘tight’ stop-losses (stop-losses that threat a small quantity of pips). Take-profits ought to be positioned in such a manner as to make sure a constructive risk-reward ratio. So, the take-profit is bigger than the stop-loss.

Hammer formation showing stop loss

Recognizing worth patterns in a number of candles

Candlestick charts assist merchants acknowledge worth patterns that happen within the charts. By recognizing these worth patterns, just like the bullish engulfing pattern or triangle patterns you may reap the benefits of them through the use of them as entries into or exit indicators out the market.

For instance, within the picture beneath we now have the bullish engulfing worth sample. The bullish engulfing is a mixture of a crimson candle and a blue candle that ‘engulfs’ the complete crimson candle. It is a sign that it could possibly be the tip of a forex pairs established weak point. A dealer would reap the benefits of this by getting into a protracted place after the blue candle closes. Keep in mind, the value sample solely kinds as soon as the second candle closes.

As with the hammer formation, a dealer would place a cease loss beneath the bullish engulfing sample, guaranteeing a good cease loss. The dealer would then set a take-profit. For extra foreign exchange candlestick charts test our foreign exchange candlesticks information the place we go in depth into the benefits of candlestick charts in addition to the methods that may be applied utilizing them.

Bullish engulfing pattern

Additional ideas for studying candlestick charts

When studying candlestick charts, be aware of:

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