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From Russia with Love; Charges Flip


Weekly Fundamental US Dollar Forecast: From Russia with Love; Rates Turn

Elementary Forecast for the US Greenback: Impartial

  • However for the Russia-Ukraine battle, the US Dollar‘s basic moorings seem like much less supportive.
  • The 2s5s10s butterfly has receded to its narrowest unfold since October 2021, an indication that the US Treasury yield curve has turn out to be much less supportive of the US Greenback.
  • In line with the IG Client Sentiment Index, the US Greenback has a combined bias heading into the final week of February.

US Greenback Week in Overview

The US Greenback had a combined week, with the DXY Index rising by +0.07%. However a number of USD-pairs proved extra unstable than the net-change of the DXY Index, as Russia-Ukraine headlines provoked significant swings. EUR/USD charges settled down -0.23%, GBP/USD charges added +0.24%, and USD/JPY charges fell by -0.37%.

As US Treasury yields pullback and evolve in a way that’s much less supportive of the US Greenback, the Russia-Ukraine disaster seems poised to stay the first driver. Escalating headlines may weigh considerably on the Euro, which is the most important part of the DXY Index at 57.6%. Put merely, detrimental developments in Japanese Europe are good for the US Greenback proper now, significantly as charges flip in a way which have made the US Greenback much less interesting.

US Financial Calendar in Focus

The final full week of February presents a thinner financial calendar than what has been skilled over the course of the month. Whereas there are a handful of speeches from Federal Reserve policymakers and ‘excessive’ rated knowledge releases, it appears extremely seemingly that information circulation across the Russia-Ukraine battle would be the major driver.

  • On Monday, February 21, Fed Governor Michelle Bowman will give a speech at the American Bankers Affiliation Convention for Group Bankers.
  • On Tuesday, February 22, the December US home value index will probably be launched forward of the US money fairness open. Shortly after shares begin buying and selling, the February US Markit manufacturing PMI and the February US Convention Board shopper confidence studying are due.
  • On Wednesday, February 23, weekly US MBA mortgage purposes figures will probably be launched.
  • On Thursday, February 24, the second estimate of the 4Q’21 US GDP report, the January US Chicago Fed nationwide exercise index, and weekly US jobless claims knowledge will probably be launched at 13:30 GMT. January US new house gross sales are due shortly after the US money fairness open. Atlanta Fed President Raphael Bostic and Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester will give remarks at 16:10 GMT and 17 GMT, respectively.
  • On Friday, February 25, the Fed’s most popular gauges of inflation, the January US PCE and core PCE stories, will probably be launched at 13:30 GMT, as will the January US sturdy items orders report and the January US private revenue and spending figures are due. At 15 GMT, the January US pending house gross sales report will probably be launched.

Atlanta Fed GDPNow 1Q’22 Progress Estimate (February 17, 2021) (Chart 1)

Weekly Fundamental US Dollar Forecast: From Russia with Love; Rates Turn

Based mostly on the information acquired so far about 1Q’22, the Atlanta Fed GDPNow progress forecast is now at +1.3% annualized, down from +1.5% on February 16. The downgrade was a results of “the nowcast of first-quarter actual residential funding progress decreased from +4.7% to +0.3%.

The following replace to the 1Q’22 Atlanta Fed GDPNow progress forecast is due on Friday, February 25 after the January US private revenue and spending knowledge.

For full US financial knowledge forecasts, view the DailyFX economic calendar.

Fee Hikes are Coming, That’s Sure

Expectations for a March fee hike have crystallized. We will measure whether or not a Fed fee hike is being priced-in utilizing Eurodollar contracts by inspecting the distinction in borrowing prices for business banks over a selected time horizon sooner or later. Chart 2 under showcases the distinction in borrowing prices – the unfold – for the March 2022 and December 2023 contracts, to be able to gauge the place rates of interest are headed by December 2023.

Eurodollar Futures Contract Unfold (March 2022-December 2023) [BLUE], US 2s5s10s Butterfly [ORANGE], DXY Index [RED]: Each day Timeframe (February 2021 to February 2022) (Chart 2)

Weekly Fundamental US Dollar Forecast: From Russia with Love; Rates Turn

By evaluating Fed fee hike odds with the US Treasury 2s5s10s butterfly, we will gauge whether or not or not the bond market is performing in a way per what occurred in 2013/2014 when the Fed signaled its intention to taper its QE program. The 2s5s10s butterfly measures non-parallel shifts within the US yield curve, and if historical past is correct, which means that intermediate charges ought to rise quicker than short-end or long-end charges.

There are 160.75-bps of fee hikes discounted via the top of 2023. Previous to the expiration of the February 2022 Eurodollar contract, there have been 185-bps discounted via the top of 2023; in different phrases, a 25-bps fee hike is absolutely priced in for March. Rates markets are pricing in a 100% likelihood of seven 25-bps fee hikes and a 40% likelihood of eight 25-bps fee hikes via the top of subsequent yr. Nonetheless, the 2s5s10s butterfly has receded to its narrowest unfold since October 2021, an indication that the US Treasury yield curve has turn out to be much less supportive of the US Greenback.

US Treasury Yield Curve (1-year to 30-years) (February 2020 to February 2022) (Chart 3)

Weekly Fundamental US Dollar Forecast: From Russia with Love; Rates Turn

The narrowing of the 2s5s10s butterfly coupled with declining US Treasury yields poses an issue for the US Greenback. If the FOMC makes clear that it’s going to not hike charges by 50-bps in March, or means that inflation pressures are on account of subside additional – implicitly suggesting that aggressive tightening isn’t warranted – then the US Greenback stays susceptible to a drop.

CFTC COT US Greenback Futures Positioning (February 2020 to February 2022) (Chart 4)

Weekly Fundamental US Dollar Forecast: From Russia with Love; Rates Turn

Lastly, taking a look at positioning, in line with the CFTC’s COT for the week ended February 15, speculators elevated their net-long US Greenback positions to 35,335 contracts from 33,725 contracts. Web-long US Greenback positioning has been holding regular for the practically the previous 5 months, and finally stays close to its highest stage since October 2019. The oversaturated net-long place within the futures market stays a headwind for important US Greenback upside.

— Written by Christopher Vecchio, CFA, Senior Strategist





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